Cutaneous way - Assisting a family member


Assisting a family member

Assisting a family member

Administer therapy

Routes of administration Intravenous therapy
  • Routes of administration
  • Intravenous therapy

Cutaneous way

Drugs intended for cutaneous use are also called topical drugs.

Dermatological preparations such as creams, ointments, pastes, powders and sprays are applied directly to the skin and can be used in the treatment of itching, to hydrate, disinfect and soften the skin, to release drugs, to protect delicate areas and so on.

The main products available on the market are:

  • transdermal patches;
  • ointments, creams, pastes, lotions, tinctures, gels;
  • suspensions;
  • foams;
  • powders.

Each product must be applied following particular rules and indications. Transdermal patches have the ability to release drugs directly through the skin and usually contain substances for lowering pressure, nicotine, nitroglycerin, hormones or analgesics. They have a round, square or oval shape and consist of a membrane and an adhesive. Their effectiveness can range from 12 hours per week, depending on the molecule, after which they must be replaced. The areas of the body on which to apply the patch, which must be hairless (i.e. hairless) are generally the lower back, the buttocks, the back and the shoulder; areas subject to movement (for example, the forearm) and those in which inflammations, wounds or abrasions are to be avoided. To apply a transdermal patch proceed as follows.

  • Discard the patch.
  • Choose a clean and hairless area of ​​the body.
  • Lift and remove the protective film without touching the drug.
  • Apply the patch by pressing it for 10 seconds.
  • Avoid applying hot water bags or heat sources in general to the patch, as they increase the absorption of the drug.
  • Some patches also have a patch cover: be careful not to apply only the latter.
  • It may happen that the glue causes allergies at the contact site, while a redness that occurs immediately after removal but regresses within half an hour is absolutely normal.

The administration of creams, ointments, pastes and the like is carried out, however, as described below.

  • Wash your hands.
  • Ask the subject to take a comfortable position and find out the part to be treated.
  • Use a wooden tongue depressor (to be discarded after each single use) to spread the medicine, whether it is in cream or ointment form.
  • Even the pasta must be spread with the tongue depressor. The consistency of the pastes is greater than the creams or ointments.
  • The suspensions must be applied (after careful mixing) with gauze on the part to be treated.
  • The powders are applied on the interested parts and, if necessary, the area is covered with a secondary dressing.

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