Accidental needle sticks and the like: what are the risks? What to do? What not to do? - First aid

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First aid

First aid

Outdoor life pathologies

Tetanus Animal bites Freezing and freezing Mountain sickness Poisoning and accidental poisoning Carbon monoxide poisoning Accidental needle punctures and the like: what are the risks? What to do? What not to do? Red eye Car sickness and seasickness (motion sickness)
  • Tetanus
  • Animal bites
  • Freezing and freezing
  • Mountain sickness
  • Accidental poisoning and poisoning
  • Carbon monoxide poisoning
  • Accidental needle sticks and the like: what are the risks? What to do? What not to do?
  • Red eye
  • Car sickness and seasickness (motion sickness)

Accidental needle sticks and the like: what are the risks? What to do? What not to do?

Accidental puncture with a syringe needle or a cutting agent exposes you to the risk of contracting an infection with both bacteria and viruses. Let's analyze the individual possibilities in detail,

Wound infection by common germs In this case, thorough washing and adequate disinfection are sufficient. If in the following days the wound appears edematous, red or painful, it is necessary to go to the doctor.

Tetanus Any injury exposes you to this risk. However, if the vaccinations have been carried out regularly, there is no problem. If this is not the case, you must go to the doctor or the emergency room to carry out the tetanus vaccination.

Hepatitis B The hepatitis B virus is quite resistant in the environment. If the subject is not vaccinated, it is necessary to go to the emergency room since the administration of specific gammaglobulins is expected and the start of vaccination immediately after the accident.

Hepatitis C The virus is poorly resistant to free air. There is no preventive therapy. It will be useful to notify your doctor to carry out the checks over time suitable to identify the possible infection with the virus.

HIV infection The HIV virus responsible for AIDS remains alive and infectious outdoors for up to an hour.

The possibility of contracting a viral disease depends on several factors: the type of pathogen, the state of immunization and the availability of post-operative prophylaxis practices. The most dangerous devices for health are hollow needles (cannula needles, syringes, collection needles) containing, after use, blood that is potentially the vehicle for infections by biological agents. In general, to handle a syringe, it is necessary to use gloves or use suitable tools for collection. It is essential to remember not to try to put the needle cap back on once it has been used before throwing it in the waste.

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