Internal bleeding - First Aid

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First aid

First aid

Practical guide to first aid

Airway opening control Artificial respiration Mouth-mouth respiration Mouth-nose respiration Cardiac massage Combination of ventilation with cardiac massage Mushroom poisoning Poisoning by altered or infected food Poisoning by ingestion of toxic substances Gas poisoning External bleeding Internal bleeding Simple wounds and grazes Serious wounds Chest wounds Abdomen wounds Face wounds How to make a bandage Bandages for foreign body wounds Limb fractures Column fractures Head injuries Acute cramp Heat stroke Burns Serious burns Mild burns Caustic burns Hypothermia Hypothermia in children Freezing Electrocution Foreign bodies in the airways Foreign bodies in the ear Otorrhagia Foreign bodies in the eye Eye injuries Snake bites Bites of other animals Insect bites Resuscitation maneuvers Artificial respiration Cardiac massage Loss of consciousness Convu Suffocation
  • Airway opening control
  • Artificial breathing
  • Mouth-to-mouth breathing
  • Mouth-nose breathing
  • Cardiac massage
  • Combination of ventilation with cardiac massage
  • Mushroom poisoning
  • Intoxication by altered or infected food
  • Poisoning by ingestion of toxic substances
  • Gas poisoning
  • External bleeding
  • Internal bleeding
    • What to do
  • Simple wounds and grazes
  • Serious injuries
  • Chest wounds
  • Wounds in the abdomen
  • Wounds to the face
  • How to make a bandage
  • Bandages for wounds with foreign body
  • Limb fractures
  • Column fractures
  • Head injuries
  • Acute cramp
  • Heat stroke
  • Burns
  • Severe burns
  • Mild burns
  • Caustic caustic burns
  • Hypothermia
  • Hypothermia in children
  • Freezing
  • electrocution
  • Foreign bodies in the airways
  • Foreign bodies in the ear
  • otorrhagia
  • Foreign bodies in the eye
  • Injury to the eye
  • Snake bites
  • Bites of other animals
  • Insect bites
  • Resuscitation maneuvers
  • Artificial breathing
  • Cardiac massage
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Convulsions
  • Suffocation

Internal bleeding

In internal bleeding, the blood that comes out of the vessels does not pour out of the body, but remains inside. The bleeding is therefore not visible but is reported by some symptoms, such as:

  • pale skin, purple lips;
  • cold and pale extremities;
  • ringing in the ears, blurred vision;
  • thirst;
  • rapid and labored breathing;
  • frequent and weak pulse, sometimes imperceptible;
  • mental confusion, agitation.

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What to do

  1. Call the ambulance immediately (Figure 1).
  2. Place the person in an anti-shock position and cover them with a blanket pending transfer to the hospital

(Figure 2).

A wound consists of a cut to the skin with possible involvement of the underlying tissues. Lesions of the skin barrier and blood vessels are susceptible to two possible complications: infection and bleeding. We distinguish simple wounds (superficial, slightly extended) and serious wounds (extended, deep, dirty, with irregular and bruised margins, crushed, macerated and crushed). Both categories are exposed to the danger of infection; serious injuries, however, more often result in bleeding and require appropriate medical treatment.

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