The principles of homeopathy - Homeopathy





A very ancient principle The principles of homeopathy
  • A very ancient principle
  • The principles of homeopathy
    • Similarity principle

The principles of homeopathy

Homeopathy is based on two fundamental principles: the principle of similitude and the principle of infinitesimal dilution.

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Similarity principle

This principle finds its clearest expression in a question from Hahnemann. In his relentless search for the most suitable medicine for the treatment of morbid conditions he, following the experiment on china, wrote: "… how could medicines produce what they do in diseases if not by virtue of the properties they have to modify the body of the man who is fine? […] if I'm not mistaken, I kept repeating myself, it must be so. Because otherwise how would it be possible that the tertian fever and the quartan fever that I got healing a few weeks ago thanks to the use of a drop or two of cinchona have symptoms almost identical to those that yesterday and today I observed on me when, for do an experiment, did I take, little by little, and although I was in good health, four dramas of cinchona? ”The answer to this question is that medicines can only heal diseases similar to those that they have the ability to cause in the healthy man.

Similia similibus curentur (the similar is treated with the similar), the enunciated prince of homeopathy, of hippocratic memory, therefore does not represent for Hahnemann an a priori axiom, as it was for the ancients, but is rather the result of a process based on continuous experimentation and as such derives from a specific methodology and assumes its own specific semantics. The set of pathological symptoms evoked in healthy subjects following the administration of a certain substance takes the name of pathogenesis, a term that in allopathic medical language indicates instead the set of mechanisms from which a morbid process originates.

According to Hahnemann, only with the careful examination of the pathogenesis is the selection of the right remedies obtained: to discover the true medicinal properties of a substance, then, it will be necessary to focus on the specific artificial disease that it generally causes in the healthy organism, then adapting it to one pathological state similar to the one you want to eliminate. The same statement holds true, according to Hahnemann, for chronic diseases, to eliminate which it will be necessary to seek remedies that cause the human body in health a disease as similar as possible to the one to be treated.

Hahnemann loads the principle of similitude of further meaning and complexity by elaborating the concept of miasma or, according to a more recent definition, reactive model. The miasma indicates, in the Hahnemannian sense, the predisposition of the subject to get sick in one way rather than another, thus introducing a new and revolutionary element in medicine: individual sensitivity.

Simplifying, one could say that in the observation of both pathogenesis and true disease, the German doctor had to take into account two factors: pathognomic symptoms, i.e. objective ones, which derive from the disease itself, and reactive symptoms, i.e. personal ones, which they derive from the individual reaction of the patient. The choice of remedy must therefore take into account not only the disease but also the individual response.

The introduction of two fundamental elements such as the experimentation on healthy man and the concept of miasma (ante litteram anticipation of the genetic predisposition of the human being to disease) allows the principle similia similibus curentur, born among the ancients as an a priori principle, to acquire in the Hahnemannian formulation scientific validity. In this way a new conception of the drug and of the disease is inaugurated, which cannot be generically classified into categories because for each disease there are many different, "specific" states. Precisely by virtue of this specificity, the similia should not be applied to the genus or species of the disease, but rather to the individual case, with its peculiarities, and testing on healthy subjects is the only reliable guide to evaluate the action. specific remedies and apply them to the similar disease.

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