Assisting a family member
The movementThe damage of immobility Preventing damage from immobility Active gymnastics Passive gymnastics Transfers from bed to wheelchair and vice versa Assistive products to facilitate movement
- The damage of immobility
- Prevent damage from immobility
- Active gymnastics
- Passive gymnastics
- Transfers from bed to wheelchair and vice versa
- Assistive products to facilitate movement
Human organisms manage to be autonomous thanks to the possibility of moving freely in the environment in which they live. Mobility is of fundamental importance for the quality of life: with movement, the muscular system remains intact, thanks to the effect of the musculature, the blood returns to the heart and some functions, such as intestinal emptying, are strictly connected to mobility.
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The damage of immobility
If the muscles are not used consistently they tend to atrophy very quickly and the joints also stiffen and tend to freeze.
Immobility is the triggering cause of pressure sores because, since there is no physiological voluntary / involuntary movement of the body segments, certain particular areas (sacrum, shoulder blades, heels) are exposed to the risk of pressure ulcer development.
In case of forced posture, the joints that remain immobile for a long period indirectly determine a stiffening of the muscles which makes recovery of the initial tone extremely difficult. The result is a permanent contraction of one group of muscles compared to others with the impossibility of restoring normal joint movement.
By ensuring good circulation, mobility prevents the formation of blood clots (emboli) with consequent pulmonary embolisms. People who stay in bed for prolonged periods are very exposed to the risk of these pathologies. Pressure control is particularly affected by the harmful effect produced by prolonged periods of stay in bed; a disorder can arise which is called orthostatic hypotension and occurs when the position changes when lying down at a standing position with pressure drop, dizziness, pallor and possible fainting.
The expansion of the thoracic cavity is also reduced during breast-feeding and the possibility of lung secretions stagnating is very high, increasing the risk of lung infections.
Furthermore, due to a long period of lodging, the bone can undergo rapid destruction, favoring the appearance of fractures.
This short list is sufficient to give an idea of the importance that the movement has in preventing secondary damage to immobility.
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