First Aid - First Aid

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First aid

First aid

First aid

The problem of domestic accidents Self-medication Disinfection of the skin and bandages Recommended content for the home dressing package
  • The problem of domestic accidents
    • If the accident involves an elderly person
  • Self-medication
  • Disinfection of the skin and bandages
  • Recommended content for the home dressing package

The problem of domestic accidents

An accident that occurs in a home or in areas adjacent to it is commonly defined as a domestic accident.

Domestic accidents are an important health problem in our country, since in Italy, according to data provided by ISTAT in 2005, about 3 million accidents of this type occur in a year, of which about 4000 fatal!

Housewives are the most involved, and 40% of accidents are falls. Other common causes include, however, the incorrect use of utensils or the activities carried out in the kitchen. Just think that the use of the knife alone is involved in 13% of cases!

The building structure of the house should be subject to periodic maintenance, since this is the cause of about one accident in five (a frequent cause of damage, for example, is represented by the floor and stairs). Men are more prone to falls than women, while accidents caused by the use of kitchen utensils or tools prevail in women.

Among children, the main causes are represented by furniture or other parts of the home, such as doors, windows and structural parts (40% of accidents of subjects aged 0-4 years, 25% from 5 to 9 years), and from falls (45% from 0 to 4 years, 20% from 5 to 9 years).

The most dangerous place in the home is the kitchen, where more than half of the accidents occur, while in all other environments, on the whole, the frequency is less than 10%.

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If the accident involves an elderly person

Older people are often victims of domestic accidents; in particular, the difficulty of walking that often characterizes them makes them subject to falls.

In these conditions, even modest irregularities of the floor, a little visible step, any unexpected obstacle (a carpet, an abandoned toy) can cause falls which, among other things, in the case of an elderly person, are always problematic: often in fact, these subjects are unable to get up and, if they are alone, they do not have the possibility to ask for help, with serious consequences both for delayed rescues and for the long stay on the ground. It is not at all uncommon, for example, for a person forced to stand still for a few hours to develop generalized muscle pain (known as rhabdomyolysis from circulatory distress), which can sometimes result in extremely serious clinical consequences, even to death.

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