Digestive system - First Aid

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First aid

First aid

Digestive system

Poor digestion Vomiting Diarrhea Traveler's diarrhea Hiccups Hemorrhoids
  • Poor digestion
    • disorders
    • What to do
    • What not to do
    • When to seek medical attention
    • How to prevent bad digestion
  • He retched
  • Diarrhea
  • Traveler's diarrhea
  • Hiccup
  • Hemorrhoids

Poor digestion

All people, at least a few times in their lives, experience bad digesting a meal. This event is due to the prolonged permanence of the food in the stomach, which is struggling to transform it sufficiently so that they can pass into the intestine and undergo the subsequent stages of the digestive process. On the contrary, there is no correspondence, as sometimes erroneously said, between liver disease and biliary tract disease on the one hand and complained of disorders such as "poor digestion" on the other.

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disorders

Maldigestion generally occurs with a feeling of weight in the upper part of the abdomen, accompanied by vague malaise and belching, and is often linked to a hearty meal or containing particular foods. It is not in itself a pathological or worrying event, but it is certainly very annoying.

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What to do

Some simple remedies in case of prolonged or difficult digestion consist in taking digestive herbal teas (generally packed with plants such as mint, licorice, anise, caraway, cumin, ginger, chamomile), coffee (which stimulates the secretion of gastric juices and therefore facilitates digestion) or baking soda dissolved in a glass of water. In case of abundant intestinal air, fennel and chamomile herbal teas are useful.

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What not to do

Take alcoholic digestives or medications without a prescription.

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When to seek medical attention

It may be necessary to seek medical attention when episodes of maldigestion are frequent and occur even without taking large meals. In these cases the problem can derive from a slowing down of the gastric emptying: the assumption before the meal of one of the so-called prokinetic drugs can be of notable help. It is advisable to seek medical advice also when maldigestion is accompanied by symptoms such as burning in the "mouth of the stomach" or in the chest (which may be due to the presence of gastro-oesophageal acid reflux) or pain (symptom that may be linked to the presence of lesions of the stomach, esophagus or duodenum): in these cases, the doctor will evaluate the opportunity to carry out more detailed tests or to administer specific therapy.

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How to prevent bad digestion

The simplest measures to combat this problem are to avoid too abundant meals and foods that the subject has identified as "untrustworthy". It is also a good practice to eat calmly, with small bites and chewing very well, avoiding to talk excessively during the meal so as not to ingest too much air.

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