Traditional Chinese Medicine
Traditional Chinese MedicineAt the center, man A design of life The classics of the medical tradition The fundamental notions Conception and structuring of man
- In the center, man
- A design of life
- The classics of the medical tradition
- The basics
- Conception and structuring of man
In the center, man
Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is the set of therapeutic techniques that, starting from a conception of life and man developed since 2000 BC (Xia-Shang Dynasties), has allowed the Chinese to study and treat in in a global and organic way the health problem. The traditional term specifies the fact that the foundation of this knowledge is ancient and that its ever more profound developments in the medical field have not excluded, but indeed still refer to, those philosophical principles developed in antiquity and systematized under the Han dynasty (206 BC-220 AD). This discipline has thus developed as a science, albeit with the limits imposed on the use of this term by the cultural context in which it was born: in fact, the Chinese way of producing knowledge remains, however, extremely different from that adopted in science and medicine Westerners.
The fundamental characteristic of Chinese medicine is, therefore, that of being a study modality that arises within a complete and comprehensive framework of traditional knowledge. His approach is holistic: this means that man is considered, both in health and in disease, an element with relationships of mutual influence between the parts that compose it and the socio-environmental system in which it is inserted. The Chinese doctor, in his diagnostic and therapeutic practice, refers both the data of semeiotics and the elements of therapy to an interpretative model of the patient, of the disease and of its relations with the health that tradition has given him. Thanks to this, the MTC was able to describe the behavioral laws of certain systems in given situations and to derive consequences and corollaries according to precise relationship methods. Since it is still based on the study of these relationships, which are not linear but multifactorial, it lends itself, better than many scientific disciplines of Western thought, to describing complex events and facts such as the pathophysiology of the great chronic diseases of our time and related diseases to stress. Over the centuries, the theories of TCM have been validated by situations and facts that have demonstrated their effectiveness in clinical practice (it should not be forgotten, in fact, which constitutes the treatment modality for about a quarter of humanity). Furthermore, this medical practice was so vital and flexible as to be able to integrate the great technological innovations brought about by modern biology and western medicine into its system, making China the largest experimental laboratory for integration between traditional and modern medical systems.
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